Blenheim-Gilboa Hydroelectric Power Station
The Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Station is a pumped-storage hydroelectricity plant in the Catskill Mountains of New York State. The plant is part of the New York Power Authority, and can generate over of electricity, all of which is sent to New York City. It is used daily to cover peak demand. There are two reservoirs that are involved in the project, both with a capacity of 5e9USgal; one at the foot of Brown Mountain in the Schoharie Valley, and another one at the top of the mountain. The power station has an accumulated capacity of about after storing up to.The reservoir at the foot of the mountain was created by impounding the Schoharie Creek downstream from the village of Gilboa, New York. Water from this reservoir is sent through a concrete shaft up the mountain to the upper reservoir to be stored until it is needed. When power is needed, the water is sent back down the mountain into the lower reservoir, where it enters a power plant on the banks of the lower reservoir, and spins a series of turbines in the powerhouse. (This structure is almost completely underwater, and only five feet of it can be seen above water when the reservoir is full). The water is sent back into the reservoir, flows over the dam that holds the reservoir back, and continues down the rest of the Schoharie Creek. The powerhouse, built in 1973, contained four Hitachi pump/turbine units. The gross head range on the units is 325to. Between 2003 and 2010, the turbines were upgraded so that each generator/motor operates at up to approximately 318 MVA at 0.9 power factor pumping power, or as a generator. Also the old 285 MVA generator step up transformers were replaced with new 17kV/345kV, 325 MVA transformers. Overall plant cycle efficiency is today 73%.